process of making silk

To get the billions of cocoons necessary to have a viable silk industry (by some estimates, about 10 … Silk is regularly used to make garments, accessories, home furnishings, tapestries, rugs, despite its high cost. The final scene, on the left, shows silk being woven. Silkworms increase in length to more than 5 cms within 20-24 days of their feeding time and shed their skin several times in the process. Dye silk thread in a dye bath. Silk is a beautifully lustrous fabric made from an animal fiber with the same name. The process of extracting silkworm cocoon out of silk is called reeling. Ask your question. The cocoons are first sorted by color, size, shape and texture. Silkworm is a stage of the silk moth’s life cycle. The people living in the region were the inventors of silk fabric, and no other culture discovered this process independently. The history of silk making stretches back 6,000 years, and the earliest example of silk fabric that has been discovered dates from 3,630 BC in Henan. Next, silk filaments are unwound, and several strands are reeled together in lengths of 300 to 600 meters, or approximately 984 to 1,968 feet because individual filaments are too fine for commercial production. Scale (I have a scale for weighing fiber amounts and a more precise … Step 3: Dyeing. Legend has it that a Chinese princess was sipping tea in her garden when a cocoon fell into her cup, and the hot tea loosened the long strand of silk. Based on quality the rates are determined. It starts by raising silkworms and then processing the fibers they produce. In this way, Silk is prepared from Silkworm. The warmth causes the silk fibre to separate from the rest of the cocoon. STEPS: Sericulture– Cultivation of the silkworm cocoon for their filaments is known as sericulture. The Process Of Making Silk - May 21, 2018 - First step: Silk Reeling The silk is extracted from the cocoon and becomes the raw material for the fabric. Farmers deliver the cocoons to filatures (special factories), and here cocoons are turned into silk threads through a four-step process. spinning reel. Silkworms are actually domesticated insects, incapable of flight, mate quickly after emerging from their chrysalis, and die a day or so after laying eggs. Log in. c) Reeling the filament : Reeling is the process of unwinding the silk filaments from the cocoon and combining them together to make a thread of raw silk. Silk production is nothing but one out of the several stages through which the silkworm goes through during its life cycle, finally unraveling the most desired and loved silk thread out of a cocoon. Only the filament produced by Bombyx mori, the mulberry silk moth and a few others in the same genus, is used by the commercial silk industry. The third scene shows the process of spooling. Crepe de Chine is made by twisting some fibers clockwise and others counterclockwise before weaving, producing a fabric with a pebbly texture and the fabric is lightweight and does not ravel easily like other silks. Each Thai silk cocoon can give about 700 yards long of filament. Different methods of twisting are used to get the various types of silk yarn: crepe, organzine, singles, etc. According to the ancient written sources mulberries were usually planted in deserts, field boundaries, in front of the houses. Piles of cocoons are kept under the sun, boiled or exposed to steam. On average, 36,000 worms consume 1 ton of mulberry leaf over their lifetime. Hot water. The basic weaving technique uses the same or different colors in the warp and weft threads. When it comes to silk, most people will think of Charmeuse. Once the dye is ready, the bundles of clean threads are then immersed in the dye bath for several times over many days to achieve the proper color tone and quality. A cocoon is a protective case or shell that the silkworm spins around itself. Related Products First, cocoons are stored by color, size, shape and texture. You can also collect the cocoons of wild silkworms, but this is less common. A fast weaver can weave up to a maximum of 9-10 yards a day for a simple plain weave. The female silkworm lays 300-400 eggs and insulates them on the leaves of the mulberry tree. Weaving silk by hand loom is a rather time consuming and require special skill. Finally, the reeled filament will be wound into skeins, which are bundled into bales and shipped to silk mills, and weave them into fabric using hand or power looms at here. Silk yarns must be washed and degummed by immersing the skeins in large tubs of hot water. [Note: … Th… It simply means the number of threads used for the weft when weaving silk fabric. It is removed by washing it with soap and boiling water. It was believed that an ancient Chinese princess was the first to discover the process for manufacturing silk fabric from the filament fiber produced by silkworms. Here, we will show you some silks. Degumming is generally carried out by following treatments: (a) Extraction with water: In this process, silk thread is treated in hot water (100-130°C) for 30 minutes to 4 hours, which can cause degumming of sericin.

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